Allama Iqbal Essay in English | علامہ اقبال پر مضمون

Allama Iqbal is one of the most prominent figures in Urdu literature and Pakistani history. Dr Allama Muhammad Iqbal was a renowned poet, mystic, philosopher, and political activist who was pivotal in the Pakistan Movement. Today I write an allama iqbal essay in English with headings, pdf and quotations for classes 3,6,4,5,7,8,9,1,2 and 10th in small, easy and short wording. In this my favourite personality allama iqbal essay, we will explore Allama Iqbal’s life, achievements, and legacy, highlighting his enduring impact on modern Pakistani society.

Allama Iqbal Essay in English | علامہ اقبال پر مضمون

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Introduction to Allama Iqbal and his significance

Allama Iqbal, born on November 9, 1877, in Sialkot, British India (now Pakistan), was a renowned philosopher, poet, and politician. He is widely recognized as one of the most influential thinkers and leaders in the history of Pakistan and the Muslim world. Iqbal’s significance lies in his multifaceted contributions to literature, philosophy, and the political movement for the creation of Pakistan.

Iqbal’s significance extends beyond the borders of Pakistan. He is revered as a philosopher and poet across the Muslim world, with his ideas influencing the intellectual and cultural spheres of various countries.

Early life and education of Allama Iqbal

He belonged to a Kashmiri Muslim family of scholars and religious leaders. His father, Sheikh Noor Muhammad, was a respected tailor and religious scholar. In 1895, Iqbal travelled to England to pursue higher studies. He enrolled at Trinity College, University of Cambridge, and obtained a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1897.

In 1905, Iqbal travelled to Germany to pursue a doctoral degree in philosophy. He studied at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich under the guidance of prominent scholars such as Friedrich Hommel and Friedrich Paulsen. In 1907, Iqbal completed his doctoral thesis titled “The Development of Metaphysics in Persia.”

Literary Works and Contributions to Urdu and Persian Poetry

  1. “Bang-e-Dra” (The Call of the Marching Bell): This collection, published in 1924, marks a significant milestone in Iqbal’s poetic journey.
  2. “Zarb-i Kalim” (The Reed’s Strike): Published in 1936, this collection further showcases Iqbal’s mastery of poetic expression.” Lab Pe Aati Hai Dua Ban Ke Tamanna Meri” (My Prayer Rises to My Lips as a Desire) and “Sitaron Se Aage Jahan Aur Bhi Hain” (Beyond the Stars.
  3. “Bal-e-Jibril” (Gabriel’s Wing): This collection, published in 1935, further showcases Iqbal’s poetic genius. Notable poems from this collection include “Gabriel’s Wing,” “Lenin in Islam,” and “Mard-e-Momin” (The Ideal Muslim).
  4. Persian Poetry: Iqbal’s Persian poetry holds immense significance and has garnered appreciation from scholars and poets worldwide. His Persian verses reflect his deep knowledge of Persian literature and philosophy.

Philosophical ideas and Concepts introduced by Allama Iqbal

  1. Khudi (Selfhood): Iqbal emphasized the concept of “Khudi” or selfhood as a central theme in his philosophical works.
  2. Tawheed (Unity of God): Iqbal explored the concept of Tawheed, emphasizing the unity of God and the interconnectedness of all existence.
  3. Iqbal’s Concept of God: Iqbal’s understanding of God is dynamic and evolving. He rejected a static and passive concept of God, advocating for an active and living God who actively engages with creation.
  4. Concept of Ijtehad: Iqbal emphasized the importance of “Ijtehad,” which refers to the independent interpretation of Islamic principles and laws in response to changing circumstances.
  5. Reconstruction of Muslim Ummah: Iqbal was deeply concerned about the decline of the Muslim community and called for its intellectual and spiritual rejuvenation.

Legacy and Impact of Allama Iqbal on Pakistan and the World

  1. Ideological Foundation of Pakistan: Allama Iqbal’s vision and intellectual contributions played a pivotal role in inspiring the demand for a separate homeland for Muslims, leading to the creation of Pakistan in 1947.
  2. National Poet and Literary Icon: Allama Iqbal is Pakistan’s national poet. His poetic works in Urdu and Persian continue to be widely read, celebrated and studied.
  3. Educational Reforms: Allama Iqbal emphasized the importance of education as a means of empowerment and social progress.
  4. International Recognition: Allama Iqbal’s impact extends beyond Pakistan’s borders. His poetry and philosophical ideas have gained recognition and appreciation worldwide.

Iqbal Essay Poetry in English – شاعری

Allama Iqbal Poetry in English
  • “From my lips, a prayer takes flight

May my life glow, O Lord, as a radiant light

  • May darkness disperse, wherever I tread

May my presence bring illumination widespread

  • May my homeland be adorned, in splendour and grace

Like a garden blossoming, with flowers embrace

  • Grant me, O Lord, a life devoted to learning’s flame

My love for knowledge burns within me, untamed

  • Let me serve the downtrodden and the weak

And embrace the suffering hearts, the meek

  • Command me to proclaim the call to prayer

Awake me, for I’m not heedless, unaware

  • I am not a mere believer, seeking paradise’s delight

For ‘Allama’ Iqbal’s vision transcends such plight.”

10 lines on Allama Iqbal’s short Essays in English

  1. Allama Iqbal was a famous poet, philosopher, and political thinker from the Indian subcontinent.
  2. He was born on November 9, 1877, in Sialkot, British India.
  3. Iqbal received his early education in Sialkot and later went to Lahore for higher studies.
  4. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest poets of the 20th century, and his poetry is known for its deep philosophical insights and spiritual themes.
  5. Iqbal’s political and philosophical ideas had a profound impact on the Pakistan Movement, which aimed to create a separate homeland for Muslims in British India.
  6. His famous Allahabad Address in 1930 is considered a landmark in the history of the Pakistan Movement.
  7. Iqbal was a strong advocate for the rights and interests of Muslims in India and believed in creating a society based on Islamic principles and values.
  8. He passed away on April 21, 1938, but his legacy as a poet, philosopher, and political thinker continues to inspire people across the world.
  9. Iqbal’s poetry has been translated into many languages and is read and appreciated by people from different cultures and backgrounds.
  10. He is affectionately referred to as “Mufakkir-e-Pakistan” (The Thinker of Pakistan) and is revered as a national hero in Pakistan.


Allama Iqbal was a visionary leader who made an indelible impact on the history of Pakistan and the globe. His poetry and ideas continue to inspire and drive others to this day. His philosophy of self-reliance, tenacity, and compassion for everyone has become a cornerstone of Pakistani society, and his legacy will be remembered for years.


Who was allama iqbal?

Allama Muhammad Iqbal was a prominent poet, philosopher, and politician of the 20th century, widely regarded as the national poet of Pakistan. He is known for his poetry which reflects his deep understanding of Islamic spirituality, philosophy, and culture.

When was he formally titled Sir?

Allama Muhammad Iqbal was formally titled “Sir” in 1922 when the British government awarded him a knighthood in recognition of his services as a scholar and a poet.

What was Allama Iqbal’s contribution to literature?

A: Allama Iqbal’s contribution to literature was immense. He wrote poetry in both Urdu and Persian, which is characterized by rich metaphors, deep symbolism, and a profound understanding of Islamic spirituality.

What was Allama Iqbal’s political philosophy?

A: Allama Iqbal’s political philosophy was based on the idea of an independent Muslim state. He played a key role in the struggle for the creation of Pakistan and his vision of a separate Muslim state inspired the Muslim community of India.

What is Allama Iqbal’s legacy?

A: Allama Iqbal’s legacy is that of a poet, philosopher, and political thinker who has had a profound impact on Islamic thought. His poetry and philosophy continue to inspire people in Pakistan and around the world.

Allama Iqbal Born and Death date?

Allama Iqbal, whose full name was Sir Muhammad Iqbal, was born on November 9, 1877, in Sialkot, Punjab, British India (now Pakistan). He passed away on April 21, 1938, in Lahore, Punjab, British India (now Pakistan).

Note: I hope you enjoy reading this short, small and easy essay on Allama Iqbal in the English language for classes 3,6,4,5,7,8,9 and others. you can also read

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